THE LEADERSHIP OF K.H. IMAM ZARKASYI IN MANAGING OF BOARDING SCHOOL DARUSSALAM GONTOR
The leadership of the kiai is the main determinant of the effectiveness of the management of the Islamic boarding school called Pesantren. With the right leadership, management will be carried out correctly, and vice versa. Law 18/2019 concerning Islamic Boarding Schools. Requires strengthening the leadership of the kiai in managing Pesantren, but on average they are not ready because they are still giddy. For this reason, there needs to be another approach that is easier to understand, including lessons learned (experiential learning) from effective kiai leadership in the management of Pesantren. The research objective is to describe and analyze the leadership of the kiai who has become a role model for the next generation of kiai and its 350 boarding schools alumnus, namely the leadership of K.H. Imam Zarkasyi (Pak Zar) in the management of Modern Islamic Boarding School Darussalam Gontor. The descriptive qualitative research method of historical studies with the instrument (1). Heuristic, data collection through (a). In-depth interview, (b). Observation (c). Documentation study (d). Analysis verification. The conclusion of KH Zarkasyi's leadership in managing Islamic boarding schools is proven to be effective through (a). Mapping the demands of community needs. (b). Modern Boarding School system (c). Collective and exemplary leadership style. (d). Balance of culture and organizational structure (e). Achievement of outputs and outcomes.
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